Antimicrobial: destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms and especially pathogenic microorganisms

Area: the amount of space inside a shape. (
Atomic scale: objects that are smaller than the nanoscale but at least as large as an atom (~10-10 m)

Attribute: a quality or characteristic

Bulk: large aggregations of atoms (~1023) (SRI International, 2007)

Compromise: a way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something that was wanted in order to end an argument or dispute

Exponent: a symbol written above and to the right of a mathematical expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power

Implication: a possible future effect or result

Inference: the act or process of reaching a conclusion about something from known facts or evidence

Intensive property: a property of matter that does not change with size in the macroscale. These properties include: color, odor, luster, malleability, ductility, conductivity, hardness, melting/freezing point, boiling point, and density.

Intrinsic: belonging to the essential nature of a thing.

Logarithm: the exponent that indicates the power to which a base number is raised to produce a given number
(Merriam-Webster, 2011)

Macroscale: objects that can be seen with the naked eye.

Microscale: objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye but are also larger than the nanoscale.

Motivation: a force or influence that causes someone to do something ( )

Nanometer: One billionth of a meter (10-9 m); Abbreviated as nm

Nanoscale: Any object that has at least one dimension that is between 1 to 100 nm in length.

Nanotechnology: The science of manipulating objects on an atomic or molecular scale

Psychological: meant to influence the will or the mind.

Quantum mechanics: a branch of physics that deals with the structure and behavior of very small pieces of matter.

Scale: the naturally occurring range of magnitudes (eg. 10-12 to 1012) of such measurable properties as distance, time, density, and speed (Center for Gifted Education, 2004). The metric prefix names (eg. micro) for the powers of ten are used to describe different scales in science. For example, the microscale consists of objects that have sizes in millionths of a meter and are not visible without a microscope. (Stevens, Sutherland, & Krajcik, 2011)

Stakeholder: a person or group that has an investment, share, or interest in something, as a business or industry.

Surface area: the area of the outside of a three-dimensional shape.

Volume:an amount of space as measured in cubic meters (